genial(genial法语)

xwhxwh 阅读:136 2022-05-27 03:42:55 评论:0
genial

depreciate 英 [dɪˈpriːʃieɪt] 美 [dɪˈpriːʃieɪt] vt. 使贬值;贬低;轻视 vi. 贬值;轻视;贬低

■拆: de(down)+preci(price: value)+ate(v后缀) -> down the value -> 贬值

考点1: vt.贬低价值: to lower the price or estimated value of

■e.g. New cars start to depreciate as soon as they are on the road 新车一上路便开始贬值。

■同: cheapen, depress, devalue, downgrade, mark down

■反: appreciate, enhance, upgrade, mark up 提价genial,升值

考点2: vt.轻视: to lower in estimation or esteem

■e.g. dared to depreciate Shakespeare, saying his works have no relevance for modern audiences 胆敢贬低莎大人genial,说他的作品对于现代观众来说没有意义

■同: denigrate, disparage, play down, talk down

■反: acclaim, exalt, extol, glorify, magnify 赞扬

sunder 英 [ˈsʌndə(r)] 美 [ˈsʌndər] vt. 切开;切断 vi. 分离;断开

■拆: sun(PIE root: sen- apart)+der -> 分开

考点: vt.分裂,分离: to break apart or in two

■e.g. a city sundered by racial conflict 一个因种族冲突而分裂的城市

■同: disassociate, disconnect, disjoin, disunite, divide, part, rend, rive, separate, sever, unyoke

■反: bond, connect, join, link, unify, unite, yoke连接,结合

■派: asunder adv.分开地,分裂地

amicable 英 [ˈæmɪkəbl] 美 [ˈæmɪkəbl] adj. 友好的;友善的

■拆: am(love 注意: amic为其同根名词表示friend)+able(adj后缀 able to be) -> able to be friend -> 友善的

考点: adj.友善的: characterized by friendly goodwill; amiable

■e.g. maintain amicable relations 保持友好关系;an amicable divorce 和平离婚

■同: friendly, affable, amicable, genial, easy to get along with

■反: antagonistic, hostile, unfriendly 有敌意的

credence 英 [ˈkriːdns] 美 [ˈkriːdns] n. 信任;凭证;祭器台

■拆: cred(to believe)+ence(n后缀) -> 坚信

考点: n.坚信: firm belief in the integrity, ability, effectiveness, or genuineness of someone or something

■e.g. give credence to gossip 相信绯闻

■同: belief, credit, faith, trust, reliance

■反: doubt, skepticism 怀疑

fringe 英 [frɪndʒ] 美 [frɪndʒ] n. 边缘;穗;刘海 adj. 边缘的;附加的 vt. 加穗于

考点1: n.边缘: something that resembles such a border or edging

■e.g. “Don't act on the fringes of the law," warns the customs officer海关人员警告说: “不要打法律的擦边球”

■同: border, boundary, circumference, edge, margin, perimeter, periphery, skirt

■反: center, core 中心,核心

考点2: v.接壤: to be adjacent to

■同: abut, border, neighbor, skirt, verge

标签:genial
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